Electronic Circuits and electronic circuits, electronic schematics plus an extensive resource for hobbyists, inventors and engineers

DiscoverCircuits.com, has 45,000+ electronic circuits, cross-referenced
into 500+ categories.    We have searched the web to help you find quick design ideas.
We make every effort to link to original material posted by the designer. 
Please let us if you would like us to link to or post your design.

HOME Schematics Index Hobby Corner Dave's Circuits Electronic Resources Contact Info
Imagineering Ezine    Discover Solar Energy Dave Johnson & Associates Faraday Touch Switches

Amplifiers: Audio Circuits
Amplifier -- Main Page          Audio Amplifiers Circuits -- Main Page

Audio Amplifiers:   #'s       A - D        E - M        N - R      S - U     
   V - Z

Last Updated: December 25, 2017 01:42 PM

Circuits Designed by Dave Johnson, P.E. :

Pop Free Microphone On/Off Switch Circuit  -  This circuit uses a simple technique to eliminate the usual “pop” sound when an electret type microphone is switched on or off.  The circuit is completely passive and will work on dynamic and electret type microphones . . . Circuit by David A. Johnson P.E.-February 15, 2002

Remote Range Extender TV/VCR  -  I often get frustrated by how poor some infrared remotes in many new electronic devices operate.  I used to be able to turn on the TV from 30 feet away.  Now, it seems that I have to get within 15 feet.  To address this issue, I designed the circuit shown below.  The circuit taps into the TV remote’s existing infrared LED and drives 8 more efficient devices.  The result is a communications range some 4 to 5 times longer.   . . . Hobby Circuit designed by David Johnson P.E.-December 14, 2009

Remote TV Camera Power  -  A while back I received an email from a company with a problem.  They needed a security camera installed at some remote location.  The camera was a high quality color camera sending out standard NTSC video through a long 500 foot 50 ohm coax cable.  With some difficulty they got the coax strung.  They were told that there would be AC power near the camera location to power that device.  But, they then learned that in fact, there was no power available.  They thought about using a solar panel and a battery but they decided to call me for help instead.  Was there some way to power the camera without stringing another cable? . . . Hobby Circuit designed by David Johnson P.E.-July 03, 2011

Links to electronic circuits, electronic schematics, designs for engineers, hobbyists, students & inventors:

Natural Radio Reception -  "Natural Radio" is a fancy name for radio noise with natural origins, mainly lightning.  At first, you might think that listening to lightning crackles is pretty uninteresting but as it turns out, electromagnetic radiation from lightning can travel great distances and undergo strange modifications along the way __ Contact: Charles Wenzel of Wenzel Associates, Inc.

NE555 drives a speakes: Pulse Width Modulation Amplifier -  NOTE :  Hand Drawn Circuit.  This idea is used in old days.  Old engineers could not get the good audio transistors.  Therefore , they tried to construct an audio power amplifier with a chap switching transistor.  ***
I tried to use this method with a favorite 555 type IC. __ Designed by Sunamura Kazuhiro

Negative AIR Ioniser with Rotating Ion Thrust Emitters -  A fun way to show that an air ioniser is really working, using a self-propelled spinning emitter. __ Designed by Henry 

Negative feedback Design for Amplifiers -  how to modify a small class AB amplifier for low distortion and minimal power drain __ Designed by Lazar Pancic

New, Improved Theremin Mk.2 -  This design is an upgrade of our most popular Theremin which was featured in the August 2000 issue.  We have added a voicing control, incorporated a larger loudspeaker and increased the power output.  We've also changed the power supply to avoid problems with switchmode DC plugpacks. __ SiliconChip

NICAM Tuner -  I built this back in 1991 when NICAM was an extremely expensive option on AV equipment.  It was used in the same way as a modern "set top box", and features a Scart socket which could be used as an input or output. __ Designed by Mark Hennessy

Nine Volt Battery Eliminator -  for guitar pedals, radios etc __ Designed by G. Forrest Cook

No-CA3080 Guitar Compressor -  The TDA7052A is a readily available amplifier chip (Farnell # 526198) that has a DC controlled volume input.  Here, the IC is used as the variable gain amplifier in a guitar compressor, so the effect can be accomplished without the hard to obtain CA3080 operational transconductance amplifier (OTA).  Note that the suffix-less TDA7052 does not have DC volume controlmust register on this site __ Designed by Published in Elecktor July/Aug, 2010

Noise Canceling Electret Microphones-WB9YBM -  Schematic only __ Designed by va3iul

Notch Filter Autotunes for Audio Applications -  24-Jun-10 EDN-Design Ideas Tracking notch filters find use in harmonic-distortion analyzers; they also can remove heterodyne noise from ham-radio systems.  A conventional tracking switched-capacitor notch filter relies on a bandpass filter, a voltage-to-frequency converter, and a notch filter to track the incoming signal and remove undesired tones.  The bandpass filter in these circuits sometimes adjusts to the wrong frequency, meaning that the undesired tone would have no attenuation __ Circuit Design by John R Ambrose, Mixed Signal Integration, San Jose, CA

Novel buzzer using a relay & transformer -  This novel buzzer circuit uses a relay in series with a small audio transformer and speaker.  When the switch is pressed, the relay will operate via the transformer primary and closed relay contact.  As soon as the relay operates the normally closed contact will open, removing power from the relay, the contacts close and the sequence repeats, all very quickly __ Designed by Tom XxTomxx14 @ ao l. com

OCTAL Phono Preamp -  This preamp design started out as a conventional three stage cascade with feedback RIAA equalization.  I decided on 6SL7's running into 6SN7's.  I figured it would be a good match (electrically and asthetically) for my 2A3 Amp.  After thinking it through I thought I might just try passive RIAA.  (Even a better matchno feedback!!!) I noticed a neat RIAA preamp circuit in the back of the RCA Tube Manual RC-19 that used a single 7025 per channel __ Designed by Bob Danielak

Octave Screamer -  Note that the octave module consists of only five parts – input capacitor, transformer, two germanium diodes, and an output volume pot.  The logical extension of this idea would be to add a DPDT switch so the signal could be routed to either the octave circuit or the TS tone controls.  Each path ends with a volume control and the switch __ Designed by Scott Swartz

Omega -  A versatile FET booster engine. __ Contact: holler @ runoffgroove.Com

On/off buffer switches analog or digital signals -  30-Mar-06 EDN-Design Ideas Use an op amp and a dual SPST to switch signals under digital control __ Circuit Design by Liviu Pascu, Kepco, Flushing, NY

Onboard JFET Preamp -  After the unexpectedly big success of my JFET bass preamp I decided to build an onboard version.  For a Jazz Bass-like instrument, I had to get along with three controls, maybe some switches if I used push-pull pots.  Further, I wanted the functions of the knobs unchanged (volvoltone) and, if possible, use the original pots.   This preamp features independent buffer stages for both pickups, a "Big Muff" style tone control with switchable mid cut and a gain/buffer stage for the output. __ Designed by Albert Kreuzer

One Transistor Theremin -  This design is from a magazine called "Divirta-se com a Eletrônica", which translates to "have fun with electronics", and, indeed, is very fun.  For those who don't know what a Theremin is, it's one of the first synths ever made and it's named after his inventor, Mr.  Leon Theremin   (a Russian guy).  It's perhaps the only instrument which you don't actually touch: there's an antenna, and as the musician moves his hand near it, the pitch changes.  That's the thing Page used in "Whole Lotta Love"   (he used it with an echo, to get even weirder).  This circuit is a very simplified version of a theremin, but is also very easy to build and really works!

One Watt 2.3 GHz RF Amplifier using a MRF2001 -  Simplicity and repeatability are featured in this 1-watt S-band amplifier design.  The design uses an MRF2001 transistor as a common base __ Designed by Michael Micili

One Watt 2.45 GHz Linear Amplifier -  Schematic: Reversed PCB pattern: BOM: Schematic Reference Value Package Capacitors C1 1 µF electrolytic, 10%, 16V SMT or leaded C2, C3 1000 pF ceramic, X7R, 50V 0603 SMT C4 22 pF Johanson ceramic 5%, 100V 0504 SMT C5 3.3  pF __ Designed by www.gbppr.org

One Watt Audio Amp using a TDA7052 -  Ham RadioSchematic __ Designed by Guy Roels ON6MU

One Watt Audio Amplifier Project (Using the TAA300) -  I built this audio amplifier with the TAA 300 Integrated Circuit   (IC) to have on the work bench an independent amplifier to test audio signals coming from radio receivers or audio oscillators.  It is an excellent amplifier to drive an eight ohm loudspeaker.  You can use it, for example, as an audio amplifier for the FM one transistor receiver known as the Radio Shack Special and/or the TDA 7000 FM receiver; also to test the workings of a pulse oscillator or any other kind of audio oscillators. __ Designed by braincambre500 @ yahoo.com

One Watt Class-C Amplifier -  schematic only, no circuit description __ Contact: Charles Wenzel of Wenzel Associates, Inc.

One-capacitor powers audio mixer -  03/14/97 EDN-Design Ideas Micro power and low-voltage op amps allow you to build high-performance analog-signal processors that require no batteries or wall transformers, this simple mixer is powered using one large capacitor such as a Supercap or Dynacap for some Time __ Circuit Design by Aleksandr Belousov, Rego Park, NY

Op-Amp Audio Amplifier -  The above circuit is a versatile audio amplifier employing a low cost LM358 op-amp.  The differential inputs give the amplifier excellent immunity to common-mode signals which are a common cause of amplifier instability.  The dotted ground connection represents the wiring in a typical project illustrating how the ground sensing input can be connected to the ground at the source of the audio instead of at the amplifier where high currents are present. __ Contact: Charles Wenzel of Wenzel Associates, Inc.

Op-Amp Microphone Preamplifier -  A high quality microphone preamplifier using a single power supply, suitable for dynamic or electret microphones.  The op-amp used can be any low noise, high performance type, e.  g.  NE5534, TL071, OPA 371 etc __ Designed by Andy Collison

Optical string-tuning tool -  This tool assists you in tuning your string instrument to a given tone.  It utilizes the stroboscopic effect to give feedback about the adjustment of your instrument.  The two LEDs on the board blink with the frequency that the chosen tone has.  When

Opto Compressor/Limiter Side Chain with Gain Reduction Metering -  Circuit Diagram Only __ Contact: info @ forsselltech . com

Opto Gerbers -  Circuit Diagram Only __ Contact: info @ forsselltech . com

Optp Stereo Link -  Circuit Diagram Only __ Contact: info @ forsselltech . com

Oscillator or Joystick Controlled AM bisonic Pan-Rotate -  A system that rotates mono or B-format soundstage signals by joystick control or spins them continually with an oscillator.  Also creates some attractive lissajous curves as a fortunate by-product. __ Designed by Henry 

OTP µC controls Boomer Amplifier -  03/18/99 EDN-Design Ideas NOTE :  Page includes several designs.  Scroll to find this one.  Figure 1 shows a circuit that uses a one-time-programmable (OTP) µC in an unusual way.  A COP8SGR7 µC uses digital signals to "bit-bang" an LM4835 (dubbed "Boomer" by National) amplifier.  Although the amplifier is designed for potentiometer control, you can modify it to make it a fully digitally controlled part.  Figure 2 shows the flow chart for the control process. __ Circuit Design by Wallace Ly, National Semiconductor Corp, Santa Clara, CA

Output Current Limiter -  (spice design) __ Designed by Rick 

Output Current Limiting -  (spice design) __ Designed by Rick 

Output Stage -  (spice design) __ Designed by Rick 

Output Voltage Limiter -  (spice design) __ Designed by Rick 

Output Voltage Limiting -  (spice design) __ Designed by Rick 

Panner Waveform Generator -  analog synth CV source for the Voltage Controlled Panner __ Designed by G. Forrest Cook

Parabolic Microphone -  Whether you want a Parabolic Dish or a Shot Gun Type of Mic, the electronics is Basically the same.  My Experience with Shotgun Mic's is not that good.  I prefer the Parabolic __ Designed by G.L. Chemelec

Parametric & Sub-Woofer Equaliser -  The unit is simple to build, and does not need really low noise opamps, since they only act as a modulator oscillator.  I used 1458 dual types in the prototype, and they are more than good enough.  The transistors can be any low noise NPN type, and they are simply buffers, ensuring a high input impedance and low output impedance.  You can use opamps as buffers instead of the transistors Q1 & Q2 if you prefer.  A single TL072 with both halves wired as unity-gain non-inverting buffers will work fine, and may allow you to eliminate C1, C2 and C3. __ Designed by Rod Elliott  ESP

A/a-audioamp.htm 1

Parametric Equaliser -  tailor your audio with this variable frequency cut/boost filter __ Contact: P. Townshend EduTek Ltd

Pardy Lights: an Intriguing Colour Display -  OK, so they're really "party" lights.  They're easy to build and produce random colour patterns to the bass beat from your music. __ SiliconChip

Part 1-IPod Super Dock Project -  This one goes out to everyone that has an iPod or two laying about and an itchy soldering iron and thinks that the standard USB or Firewire dock just isn't quite good enough.  The tiny thirty pin dock connector on the bottom of later model iPods contains quite a __ Designed by Will O'Brien

PCM2902 Soundcard with Microphone Input -  Many of us have a pair of headphones connected to the output of the computer sound card us either to enjoy songs, or a game.  Very likely your headphones and microphone, which also connect to the appropriate slot your sound card.  But at some point broke down the female plug my sound card, and because quite a lot to change the plug when I put the headphones and when the speakers.  A small structure is a sound card, USB, with stereo inputs / outputs, button to increase / volume button for volume and mute!

Peak program indicator, speaker powered -  This circuit requires no battery, being powered from the loudspeaker signal it is detecting.  When the voltage being delivered to the speaker exceeds the level set up by the preset RV, the LED indicator flashes. __ Designed by Richard Torrens

Peak Reading Audio Level Meter -  indicates peak audio response on an analogue meter, similar to a tape recorder recording level meter __ Designed by Andy Collison

Peak-reading meters -  This article first appeared in the April 1981 issue of Recording-engineer/producer magazine.   Peak reading meters, popular in Europe for years, are just now coming into greater favor in America, and for good reason.  The main purpose for having a VU meter is obviously to monitor signal levels going to a tape recorder, reverb unit, or some other level-sensitive device, to help optimize the signal to noise ratio of the audio sent to the device.  Too much level will produce distortion, and too little results in the inherent noise of the medium becoming a problem.  Unfortunately, a conventional VU meter responds to the average level of the program material and not to the peaks; yet it is these momentary bursts of higher level that become distorted first. __ Designed by Ethan Winer

Pedalboard Power Supply -  Pedalboard Power Supply with adjustable Old Battery settings __ Designed by Guitar Effect RC Keen

Pedalboard PS  -  Pedalboard Power Supply with adjustable Old Battery settings __ Designed by Guitar Effect RC Keen

Peppermill overdrive-A simple, transparent overdrive. Schematic & PCB/perfboard layouts. -  A simple, transparent overdrive. __ Contact: holler @ runoffgroove.Com

Perimeter Monitor -  Using a single cable such as speaker wire or doorbell cable, this circuit can be remotely positioned, for example, at the bottom of a garden or garage, and used to detect all sound in that area.  The cable can be buried in a hosepipe or duct and is concealed out of sight.  The mic is an ordinary dynamic mic insert __ Designed by Andy Collison

Personal Stereo Amplifier -  With the simple circuit, you can use your personal stereo to drive standard 8 ohm speakers.  

Phase 180 Plus -  An update/extension of the Phase 90 with extra stages and controls for the experimenter. __ Designed by Guitar Effect RC Keen

Phase 90/180 schematic -  The MXR Phase 90, plus extension to eight stages. __ Designed by Guitar Effect RC Keen

Phono Preamplifier -  Simple circuitry suitable for moving-magnet cartridges __ Designed by RED Free Circuit Designs

Phono Preamps for All -  Various circuits for moving coil and moving magnet pickups __ Designed by Rod Elliott  ESP

Phozer -  The original Phozer was a sound idea, but was hindered by its mashed-up development.  The circuit didn't really exceed the sum of its parts, namely Tim Escobedo's Idiot Wah and the LFO from the EA Tremolo.  The faux phase shifting effect was reasonably convincing at faster speeds, but the LFO failed to produce a true sweep at slower speeds.  Rather than ramp up and down, at slow speeds the LFO simply spent more time in the darker heel-down position between quick pulses of toe-down mode.  Also, we saw that using op-amps rather than discrete components would probably allow for a more complex effect with fewer parts. __ Contact: holler @ runoffgroove.Com

PICAXE Plays Music -  One of the most popular uses of PICAXE chips is in sound orientated projects.  Both the new PICAXE-14M and PICAXE-28X1 support the 08M 'play' and 'tune' commands, which allow the PICAXE chips to play mobile phone ring-tones directly via a piezo sounder. __ SiliconChip

PIC-Based Musical Tuning Aid -  This compact device will help you tune almost any musical instrumentacoustic or electronic.  It can produce any note on the tempered musical scale   (standard pitch) in any of the eight most commonly used octaves, with an accuracy of better than ?0.08% or 1.3 musical cents.  The selected note is compared with that from the instrument either by ear or visually by using an eight-LED stroboscopic beat indicator. __ SiliconChip

Pira CZ Compressor/Limiter/Clipper for FM Broadcasting -  Audio signals as music or speech have big dynamic ranges.  There are silent and loud sections.  These audio signals aren't too good for a transmitter, which requires audio signal with constant level on the input.  Limiter is a device, __   Jan Kolar

Plans for a Shotgun Microphone -  Also with Tube Lengths based on 1/4 Octave Frequencies. __ Designed by G.L. Chemelec

PL-CG (CTCSS) Filter Construction Projects -  Build several PL (CTCSS) Filters! 

Pop Free Microphone On/Off Switch Circuit -  This circuit uses a simple technique to eliminate the usual “pop” sound when an electret type microphone is switched on or off.  The circuit is completely passive and will work on dynamic and electret type microphones. . . Circuit by David A. Johnson P.E.-February, 2002

Portable Audio Amplifiers -  Above circuits are based on TEA2025 is a monolithic integrated audio amplifier in a 16-pin plastic dual in line package manufactured by UTC.  Circuit has an Internal Thermal Protector.  It is designed for portable cassette players and radios.  You can also use it as your PC Audio Amplifier. __ Designed by YMYA electronics-IZHAR FAREED

Portable CD Player Adapter for Car -  Whenever I'm in the car listening to my favourite CD, it always happens-my batteries go dead.  To solve that problem, I built this extremely simple regulator circuit.  It steps down the 12V from the lighter socket to 9V which is used by the CD player __ Designed by Aaron Cake

Portable Headphone Amplifier -  3V Battery powered High Performance unit __ Contact: Flavio Dellepiane, fladello @ tin.it

Portable Microphone Preamplifier -  This circuit is mainly intended to provide common home stereo amplifiers with a microphone input.  The battery supply is a good compromise: in this manner the input circuit is free from mains low frequency hum pick-up and connection to the amplifier is more simple, due to the absence of mains cable and power supply __ Contact: Flavio Dellepiane, fladello @ tin.it

Portable Mixer -  The target of this project was the design of a small portable mixer supplied by a 9V PP3 battery, keeping high quality performance.  The mixer is formed assembling three main modules __ Contact: Flavio Dellepiane, fladello @ tin.it

Portable Retro Hi-Fi Speaker -  Convert your speaker into a mini Hi-Fi system. __ Contact: Jameco Electronics

PortaPAL Public Address System-Part 2 -  Here's the good oil on putting it together and getting it to work.  We even describe an easy way to build a box. __ SiliconChip

Potpourri of Transistor Audio Amplifiers -  At a recent RASON meeting, I gave a presentation of how to design audio preamplifiers.  I thought it would be nice if we could now build some audio amplifiers to bring the output from these preamplifiers to levels which could drive a speaker.  I intentionally avoided the use of IC amplifiers to provide a real learning experience for audio amplifier design.  Although many IC amplifiers provide excellent performance at low cost, we need to learn the basics first.  I will address IC audio amplifiers in a future article. __ Designed by N1HFX

Power Amp with DIY Chassis -  This is a simple chassis using just 4 aluminum panels and 2 heatsinks.  Designed around dimensions to tightly pack in a LM3886 chip amp kit.  The top and bottom panels sit in ridges cut into the heatsinks with a table saw, and then the front and back panels just bolt into the end fins

Power Amplifier Clipping Indicator -  At some stage, we will all find ourselves pushing hi-fi equipment just a little too hard, and if lucky, will just find that the sound has become "dirty".  If this happens too often or is too severe, tweeters are the first to gothey are damaged by the excessive power generated by a combination of "power compression" and the harmonics created when an amplifier clips.  The same may well happen to one's ears, but the effect is much more subtle (and cannot be fixed !). __ Designed by Rod Elliott  ESP

Power Audio Amplifier stereo with TDA7293-200 Watts RMS total-Includes Power Supply & PCB -  Amplifier circuit stereo audio with good power, using integrated circuit TDA7293 for up to 2x 100 Watts.  With Suggested PCB mounting design.  Includes power supply to the circuit itself, thus only requires a transformer to power.  PCB compact size even being single sided.  Allowing mount a power amplifier and compact with good quality, ideal for […] __ Designed by Antonio Rodrigues

Power Audio Amplifier with TDA7377 2.1-Stereo + Subwoofer 2x 12 Watts + 37 Watts -  Complete circuit power amplifier 2.1, 3 channel with TDa7377, include in the layout, power supply, bass filter as well as the full PCB layout.  Project amplifier ideal for various applications.  includes in the board, Power Supply, Preamplifier, bass filter, volume and tone control.     Eagle 3D view TDa7377 2.1 About designing amplifier with TDA7377 Stereo […] __ Designed by Antonio Rodrigues

Power Supply for a SE 300B Amp -  Schematic for the power supply __ Designed by Bob Danielak

Powerful Siren -  Simple circuitry No ICs 12V Battery operation __ Contact: Flavio Dellepiane, fladello @ tin.it

Powerful, 12V Mini Stereo Amplifier -  Getting lots of power from an amplifier when you only have 12V to play with __ SiliconChip

Practical MS Decoder -  The schematic diagram of the MS Decoder may look complicated but is actually quite simple.  Both the Mid and Side signals are initially. __ Designed by John Simonton

PreAmplifier Computer Microphone -  This circuit was submitted by Lazar Pancic from Yugoslavia.  The sound card for a PC generally has a microphone input, speaker output and sometimes line inputs and outputs.  The mic input is designed for dynamic microphones only in impedance range of 200 to 600 ohms.  Lazar has adapted the sound card to use a common electret microphone using this circuit __ Designed by Lazar Pancic from Yugoslavia

      <<<         This is the last page of N - R

Audio Amplifiers:   #'s       A - D        E - M        N - R      S - U        V _ Z

HOME Schematics Index Hobby Corner Dave's Circuits Electronic Resources Contact Info
Imagineering Ezine    Discover Solar Energy Dave Johnson & Associates Faraday Touch Switches

 About Us   |  Advertise on DiscoverCircuits.com   |   Report Broken Links  |    Link to DiscoverCircuits.com  |    Privacy Policy

Copyright  January, 1998 - December, 2017     David A. Johnson & Associates.  All Rights reserved. 

 Linking is ALLOWED but COPYING any content or graphics to your web site is EXPRESSLY PROHIBITED.